6 Most Popular Hand Embroidery Designs In India

6 Most Popular Hand Embroidery Designs In India

In India there different types of arts and crafts are not only loved by us but they are popular all around the world. For example, many people visit Varanasi because of its richness in the history of our ancestors. Among all of these, one craft which has become very popular in modern times are hand embroidery designs. This is because of the detailing in the fabric as hands are used in the process. Another reason why these hand embroidery designs are famous is because of our rich heritage culture.

Every region in our country has their own flavor. These flavors can be recognized very easily just by looking at the embroidery design. For example, the hand embroidery designs in Gujarat are more robust and Chikankari from UP is more intricate. Not only these two but every embroidery design produced in India uses a different kind of stitch and style. Also, the fabrics and colors used in the creation of these embroidery designs change with every region.

Most Most Popular Hand Embroidery Used In India

Zardozi

The most opulent form of Indian embroidery is the Zari and the Zardozi or Zardozi, known since the late 16th century, brought in India by the Moghuls. The word Zardozi comes from the two Persian words Zar i.e gold and Dozi i.e embroidery. This form uses metallic thread. Originally, real gold and silver thread was used, on silk, brocade and velvet fabric. Plain wire is called ‘badla’, and when wound round a thread; it is called ‘kasav’. Smaller spangles are called ‘sitara’ and tiny dots made of badla are called ‘mukais’ or ‘mukesh’. Zardozi is either a synonym or a more elaborate version of Zari where the gold or silver embroidery is embellished with pearls and precious stones, gota and kinari, making this art only affordable by rich people. Nowadays Zardozi thread has a plastic core and a golden-colored outside.

Popular Hand Embroidery - Beaded Embroidery

Beaded Embroidery

Colorful & white beads are used to create Beaded Embroidery with different types of threads. The beads are used to create varied elegant patterns that are absolutely mesmerizing and available in green, pink & brown colors. These beads in the shape of leaf and flowers enhance the charm of any dress. Bead embroidery is a type of beadwork that uses a needle and thread to stitch beads to a surface of fabric, suede, or leather. Bead embroidery is an embellishment in any traditional or modern outfit. Traditionally, bead embroidery has been used on clothing and decorative textiles.

It can also be used in jewelry with the addition of structural supports such as bracelet bands. Clothing accessories such as belt buckles and handbags can be embroidered with beads, and household items such as pillows or boxes may be embellished with bead embroidery. Three basic methods may be used to embroider with beads: individual beads may be sewn directly onto fabric, or several beads may be run through a needle before running through the backing, or else a line of threaded beads may be laid upon a fabric and secured with couching stitches. One technique uses a fine hook to chain stitch thread to the fabric, in Europe this technique is known as Tambour or Luneville embroidery, and is commonly used to bead haute couture garments

Popular Hand Embroidery -

Chikankari

Chikankari is an embroidery design which has a lot of history in its creation. It originated in Lucknow and is believed to be introduced by Nur Jehan. She was the wife of Mughal emperor Jahangir. This art form was used a lot in the garment creation of royal families during the rule of the Mughals.

The process involved in the creation of a Chiken uses block printing to design patterns on the fabric. The next step is to stitch around the pattern to give the design a proper finish. Then, the final output is washed so the traces of printing can be removed. When Chikankari was introduced, only white-on-white embroidery design was practiced. Today, a lot of different colors and fabrics are used in this craft.

Chikankari Embroidery – an art form from traditional times that remains  popular even today

Kantha

This type of hand embroidery design is known for its simplicity. It is a traditional hand embroidery style originated in Odisha and Bengal. Kantha work was created by rural women on garments like soft dhotis and sarees. It uses the method of simple running stitch along the edges of the outfit. The most interesting part of Kantha embroidery is the use of border thread as this thread is taken from the used cloth.

Kantha uses various motifs in its creation like animals, birds, flowers and other activities from our everyday lives. The format used while creating any motif is running stitch with short gaps. Today, you can create a lot of home decoration items and not just clothes using Kantha embroidery. You can design items like wall hangings, bed sheets, blankets and many others.

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Phulkari

Coming from the land of sarso da saag and makki di roti, Punjab loves its embroidery design known as Phulkari. It is very famous in its state and all over the world because of the detailing. The word Phulkari means flower and that’s what this embroidery design is all about. Using this embroidery technique, you can create many kinds of flower motifs.

It was practiced by women to pass their time and a whole new embroidery type came into existence, just like that. This embroidery is done on the back of the fabric and the flower motif can be seen on the front. The fabric used in this embroidery is natural-dyed and hand-spun khadi cloth.

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Kashidakari

A type of embroidery design which is also known as Kashmiri embroidery, evolved under Persian and Moghul rule. We do not know a lot about the origin of this embroidery but it is believed that a Persian Sufi saint brought this art to Kashmir. It started as a hobby in Kashmir but soon became employment for many people as farming during winter is hard in Kashmir.

This hand embroidery design depends a lot on the flora of the state. For example, Kashmir is a gorgeous place and has a lot of scenic beauty. The embroiderers use such live examples and incorporate them into their embroidery designs. The use of animals, birds and other human figures is very less in this type of embroidery design.

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